Types of childfree and how society contributes to this trend
Why egalitarian values don’t catch on in post-Soviet countries
The Laboratory for Comparative Social Research of the National Research University Higher School of Economics announces a call for the 10th LCSR International Workshop, which will be held within the XXI April International Academic Conference on Economic and Social Development. It will take place in Moscow from the 6th till 10th of April 2019. The deadline was extended. The last day to submit your paper is December 29, 2019.
Aigul Mavletova, LCSR Senior Research Fellow, has become a winner of 'Golden Reference' Award — 2019. It is the second time in quite short history of the Award (since 2016) when LCSR research fellow becomes the winner. Congratulations!
On November 27, the HSE University held its 18th annual Golden HSE Award Ceremony in honour of colleagues who have demonstrated excellence in research or have contributed in a meaningful way to the HSE community. The special occasion coincided with the university’s 27th anniversary.
The Laboratory for Comparative Social Research of the National Research University Higher School of Economics announces a call for the 10th LCSR International Workshop, which will be held within the XXI April International Academic Conference on Economic and Social Development. It will take place in Moscow from the 6th till 10th of April 2019. The submission deadline is December 20, 2019.
Final day of the International workshop “Social Inequality and Value Polarization: A Cross-Country Perspective”
In this article we describe the final day of the International workshop “Social Inequality and Polarization Value: A Cross-Country Perspective”.
Second day of the International Workshop “Social Inequality and Polarization Value: A Cross-Country Perspective”
In this article we describe the second day of the International workshop “Social Inequality and Polarization Value: A Cross-Country Perspective”.
International Workshop “Social Inequality and Value Polarization: A Cross-Country Perspective” Opened Its Doors at HSE St.Petersburg
The International workshop “Social Inequality and Value Polarization: a Cross-Country Perspective”, co-organized by the Laboratory for Comparative Social Research and the Department of Sociology at the HSE in St.Petersburg, opened its doors on September 16, 2019.
- Foa, R.S., & Nemirovskaya, A.V. (2019). Frontier Settlement and the Spatial Variation of Civic Institutions. Political Geography 73(8), 112-122. DOI: 10.1016/j.polgeo.2019.05.013.
- Karabchuk, T., & Soboleva, N. (2019). Temporary Employment, Informal Work and Subjective Well-Being Across Europe: Does Labor Legislation Matter? Journal of Happiness Studies, 1-23. DOI: 10.1007/s10902-019-00152-4.
- Kravtsova, M., & Oshchepkov, A.Y. (2019). Market and Network Corruption. Working Papers by HSE University. Series: Economics, WP BRP 209/EC/2019.
- Kriesi, H., & Malet, G. (2019). Economic Shocks and the Cost of Ruling: Evidence from Italy. Journal of Elections, Public Opinion and Parties, 1-20. DOI: 10.1080/17457289.2019.1571496.
- Mavletova, A., & Lynn, P. (2019). Item Nonresponse Rates and Panel Conditioning in a Longitudinal Survey among Youth. Field Methods 31(2), 95-115. DOI: 10.1177/1525822X18825103.
- Nemirovskiy, V.G., & Nemirovskaya, A.V. (2019). Social Competitiveness of the Youth and Their Perceptions of the Socio-Cultural Environment (Based on Research in a Large Siberian Region). Journal of Siberian Federal University. Series: Humanities & Social Sciences 12(2), 206-216. DOI: 10.17516/1997-1370-0389.
- Sokolov, B. Sensitivity of Goodness of Fit Indices to Lack of Measurement Invariance with Categorical Indicators and Many Groups. Working Papers by NRU Higher School of Economics. Series: Sociology, WP BRP 86/SOC/2019.
- Tkacheva, T., & Golosov, G.V. (2019). United Russia’s Primaries and the Strength of Political Machines in the Regions of Russia: Evidence from the 2016 Duma Elections. Europe-Asia Studies 71(5), 824-839. DOI: 10.1080/09668136.2019.1613515.
- Корсунова В.И. Культурное потребление в социологических исследованиях: обзор подходов к измерению понятия // Экономическая социология. 2019. Т. 20. № 2. С. 148-173.
- Костенко В.В., Понарин Э.Д., Стребкова О.Н. Влияние исторических процессов на гендерные установки в странах Арабского Востока // Восток. Афро-Азиатские общества: история и современность. 2019. № 2. С. 126-146.
- Поплавская А.А., Соболева Н.Э. Реализация достижительных мотивов мужчин и женщин на рынках труда разных стран мира // Экономическая социология. 2019. Т. 20. № 2. С. 51-85.
- Ткачева Т.Ю., Турченко М.С. Факторы успеха кандидатов-самовыдвиженцев на выборах в представительные органы столиц регионов России (2014-2018 гг.) // Политическая наука. 2019. № 1. С. 147-164.
- Чмель К.Ш. Редуцируя комплексность: революция в современной левой политической мысли // Полития. 2019. № 1 (92). С. 22-40. DOI: 10.30570/2078-5089-2019-92-1-22-40.
- Almakaeva, A., Welzel, C., & Ponarin, E. (2018). . Social Indicators Research 139(3), 923-962. DOI: 10.1007%2Fs11205-017-1724-z.
- Bessudnov, A., & Shcherbak, A. (2018). Ethnic hierarchy in the Russian labour market: A field experiment. SocArXiv papers. DOI: 10.31235/osf.io/2qzus.
- Brunkert, L.J., Kruse, S., & Welzel, C. (2018). A tale of culture-bound regime evolution: the centennial democratic trend and its recent reversal. Democratization, 1-22. DOI: 10.1080/13510347.2018.1542430.
- Chmel, K., Savin, N., & Michael, X.D.C. Making Politics Attractive: Political Satire and Exposure to Political Information in New Media Environment in Russia. Working Papers by NRU Higher School of Economics. Series: Political Science, WP BRP 63/PS/2018.
- Dollbaum, J.M., Semenov, A., & Sirotkina, E. (2018). A Top-Down Movement with Grass-Roots Effects? Alexei Navalny’s Electoral Campaign. Social Movement Studies, 1-8. DOI: 10.1080/14742837.2018.1483228.
- Electoral Integrity and Political Regimes Actors, Strategies and Consequences / ed. by Zavadskaya, M., & Garnett, H.A. L.: Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group, 2018.
- Firat, R., Kwon, H.W., & Hitlin, S. (2018). A Novel Measure of Moral Boundaries: Testing Perceived In-group/Out-group Value Differences in a Midwestern Sample. Socius: Sociological Research for a Dynamic World 4, 1-11. DOI: 10.1177/2378023118818741.
- Foa, R., Inglehart, R.F., Ponarin, E., & Karabchuk, T. (2018). Set-Point Theory and Societal Collapse: The Case of Russia. Journal of Happiness Studies 19(6), 1639-1656. DOI: 10.1007/s10902-017-9888-4.
- Golosov, G.V., & Tkacheva, T. (2018). Let My People Run: Pre-Election Resignations of Russia's Governors, 2013-2015. Problems of Post-Communism 65(4), 243-252. DOI: 10.1080/10758216.2017.1351305.
- Gureev, A.S., Ananieva, E.D., Rubanovich, A.V., Inglehart, R.F., Ponarin, E.D., & Borinskaya, S.A. (2018). Association of MAOA-uVNTR Polymorphism with Subjective Well-Being in Men. Russian Journal of Genetics 54(5), 562-567. DOI: 10.1134/S1022795418050058.
- Kravtsova, M., Oshchepkov, A.Y., & Welzel, C. The Shadow of the Family: Historical Roots of Social Capital in Europe. Working Papers by NRU Higher School of Economics. Series: Sociology, WP BRP 82/SOC/2018.
- Mavletova, A.M., Gavrilov, K.A., & Tholmogorova, T. (2018). Gamifying a web survey among adolescents: effects on understanding of risk, risk calculation, and ratio-bias. Journal of Risk Research, 1-14. DOI: 10.1080/13669877.2018.1501592.
- Mavletova, A.M., Couper, M.P., & Lebedev, D.V. (2018). Grid and Item-by-Item Formats in PC and Mobile Web Surveys. Social Science Computer Review 36(6), 647-668. DOI: 10.1177/0894439317735307.
- Mitrokhina, E. (2018). Executive Constraints and Economic Growth in Autocracies. Bulletin of Perm University. Political Science 12(4), 106-121. DOI: 10.17072/2218-1067-2018-4-106-121.
- Nemirovskaya, A. (2018). The Standard of Living and Revolutions in Russia, 1700–1917 by Boris Mironov (review). Ab Imperio 19(3), 436-442. DOI: 10.1353/imp.2018.0072.
- Ponarin, E., & Komin, M. Imperial and ethnic nationalism: A dilemma of the Russian elite. Russia Before and After Crimea. Edinburgh University Press, 2018. P. 50-67.
- Ponarin, E., & Komin, M. (2018). The Russian elite's imperial nationalism and the Russian society: The emergence of a grand consensus. Sociology Compass 12(12), 1-16. DOI: 10.1111/soc4.12641.
- Savin, N., Kashirskikh, O.N., & Mavletova, A.M. (2018). Fragility of Strong Media-Effects in Authoritarian Environment (Evidence from Russia). European Journal of Communication, 1-18. DOI: 10.1177/0267323118775305.
- Shirokanova, A., & Silyutina, O. (2018). Internet Regulation Media Coverage in Russia: Topics and Countries. WebSci'18 Proceedings of the 10th ACM Conference on Web Science. N.Y.: ACM, 2018. P. 359-363. DOI: 10.1145/3201064.3201102.
- Shirokanova, A., & Silyutina, O. (2018). Internet Regulation: A Text-based Approach to Media Coverage. Digital Transformation and Global Society Third International Conference, DTGS 2018, St. Petersburg, Russia, May 30 – June 2, 2018. Revised Selected Papers, Part I. Iss. 858. Cham: Springer, 2018. P. 181-194. DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-02843-5_15.
- Sokolov, B. (2018). The Index of Emancipative Values: Measurement Model Misspecifications. American Political Science Review 112(2), 395-408. DOI: 10.1017/S0003055417000624.
- Sokolov, B., Inglehart, R.F., Ponarin, E., Vartanova, I., & Zimmerman, W. (2018). Disillusionment and Anti-Americanism in Russia: From Pro-American to Anti-American Attitudes, 1993–2009. International Studies Quarterly. DOI: 10.1093/isq/sqy013.
- Vliert, E. van de, Welzel, C., Shcherbak, A., Fischer, R., & Alexander, A.C. (2018). Got Milk? How Freedoms Evolved From Dairying Climates. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 1-18. DOI: 10.1177/0022022118778336.
- Yusupova, G., & Ponarin, E. (2018). Social Remittances in Religion: Muslim Migrants in Russia and Transformation of Islamic Practices. Problems of Post-Communism 65(3), 188-200. DOI: 10.1080/10758216.2016.1224552.
- Zavadskaya, M., & Garnett, H.A. Electoral Integrity and Political Regimes Actors, Strategies and Consequences. L.: Routledge, 2018.
- Алмакаева А.М., Мавлетова А.М. Модернизационные процессы в России: ожидать ли сдвига в сторону эмансипативных ценностей? // Мониторинг общественного мнения: Экономические и социальные перемены. 2018. № 6. С. 91-112. DOI: 10.14515/monitoring.2018.6.05.
- Волченко О.В., Алмакаева А.М. Динамика социального капитала в России // Мониторинг общественного мнения: Экономические и социальные перемены. 2018. № 4. С. 273-292. DOI: 10.14515/monitoring.2018.4.13.
- Гуреев А.С., Ананьева Е.Д., Рубанович А.В., Инглхарт Р.Ф., Понарин Э.Д., Боринская С.А. Ассоциация uVNTR-аллелей гена MAOA с субъективной оценкой благополучия у мужчин // Генетика. 2018. Т. 54, № 5. С. 556-562. DOI: 10.7868/S0016675818050065.
- Ломакин И.В. Продолжая Кона: гендер, семья, занятость. Специальная секция VIII Грушинской социологической конференции // Мониторинг общественного мнения: экономические и социальные перемены. 2018. № 3. С. 364-373. DOI: 10.14515/monitoring.2018.3.20.
- Немировский В., Немировская А., Булатова Т.А. Страх как фактор социокультурных деформаций жизненного мира россиян // Вестник Института социологии. 2018. № 24. С. 95-114. DOI: 10.19181/vis.2018.24.1.499.
- Немировский В., Немировская А.В. Социальная конкурентоспособность: шансы на успех у молодежи и взрослых // Социологический журнал. 2018. Т. 24. № 2. С. 135-149. DOI: 10.19181/socjour.2018.24.2.5848.
- Соколов Б.О., Корсунова В.И. Нестрогий байесовский подход к проверке допущения об измерительной инвариантности: иллюстрация на примере ценностей выбора // Социология: методология, методы, математическое моделирование. 2018. № 46. С. 7-43.
- Терентьев Е.А., Мавлетова А.М., Косолапов М.С. Интервьюирование с помощью компьютерных технологий в лонгитюдных обследованиях домохозяйств // Мониторинг общественного мнения: экономические и социальные перемены. 2018. № 3. С. 47-64. DOI: 10.14515/monitoring.2018.3.03.
- Широканова А.А. Установки в отношении социального обеспечения в Польше и России: результаты Европейского социального исследования // Журнал Белорусского государственного университета. Социология. 2018. № 1. С. 135-143.
- Щербак А.Н., Ухватова М.В. От «красного пояса» – к «библейскому»: исторические предпосылки сдвигов в политической географии России // Общественные науки и современность. 2018. № 6. С. 98-113. DOI: 10.31857/S086904990000379-8.
Publications of Associate Researchers 2018
- Ignácz, Z.S. (2018). The Remains of the Socialist Legacy: The Influence of Socialist Socialization on Attitudes toward Income Inequality. Societies 8(3), 1-33. DOI: 10.3390/soc8030062.
Alexander, A., Welzel, C., & Inglehart, R. (2013). Rising Support for Reproductive Freedoms: Emancipatory Breakthroughs into a Bulwark of Tradition. Working Papers by NRU Higher School of Economics. Series: Sociology, WP BRP 30/SOC/2013.
Bessudnov, A. (2014). Parental Occupational Status And Labour Market Outcomes In Russia. Working Papers by NRU Higher School of Economics. Series: Sociology, WP BRP 36/SOC/2014.
Bessudnov, A., & Makarov, A. (2013). Gender Differences in Mathematical Performance and the School Context: Evidence from Russia. Working Papers by NRU Higher School of Economics. Series: Education, WP BRP 11/EDU/2013.
Chmel, K., Demin, A., & Kazantcev, K. (2017). Dictators’ Behavior Under Conditions of Economic Sanctions Cumulative Effect. Working Papers by NRU Higher School of Economics. Series: Political Science, WP BRP 50/PS/2017.
Chmel, K., Savin, N., & Michael, X.D.C. (2018). Making Politics Attractive: Political Satire and Exposure to Political Information in New Media Environment in Russia. Working Papers by NRU Higher School of Economics. Series: Political Science, WP BRP 63/PS/2018.
Fabrykant, M., & Magun, V. (2015). Grounded and Normative Dimensions of National Pride in Comparative Perspective. Working Papers by NRU Higher School of Economics. Series: Sociology, WP BRP 62/SOC/2015.
Foa, R., Nemirovskaya, A., & Mostovova, E. (2012). Internal Empires I: Social Institutions of the Frontier. Working Papers by NRU Higher School of Economics. Series: Sociology, WP BRP 09/SOC/2012.
Gryaznova, O. (2013). Factors Affecting Welfare Attitudes in Different Types of Welfare States: Personal Interests and Values. Working Papers by NRU Higher School of Economics. Series: Sociology, WP BRP 18/SOC/2013.
Inglehart, R., Foa, R., Ponarin, E., & Welzel, C. (2013). Understanding the Russian Malaise: The Collapse and Recovery of Subjective Well-being in Post-communist Russia. Working Papers by NRU Higher School of Economics. Series: Sociology, WP BRP 32/SOC/2013.
Inglehart, R., Welzel, C., & Puranen, B. (2013). Reinventing the Kantean Peace: The Emerging Mass Basis of Global Security. Working Papers by NRU Higher School of Economics. Series: Sociology, WP BRP 28/SOC/2013.
Inglehart, R.F., Borinskaya, S., Cotter, A., Harro, J., Inglehart, R.C., Ponarin, E., & Welzel, C. (2013). Genes, Security, Tolerance and Happiness. Working Papers by NRU Higher School of Economics. Series: Sociology, WP BRP 31/SOC/2013.
Kravtsova, M., & Oshchepkov, A.Y. (2019). Market and Network Corruption. Working Papers by HSE University. Series: Economics, WP BRP 209/EC/2019.
Kravtsova, M., Oshchepkov, A., & Welzel C. (2014). Corruption and Docial Values: Do Postmaterialists Justify Bribery? Working Papers by NRU Higher School of Economics. Series: Sociology, WP BRP 34/SOC/2014.
Kravtsova, M., Oshchepkov, A.Y., & Welzel, C. (2018). The Shadow of the Family: Historical Roots of Social Capital in Europe. Working Papers by NRU Higher School of Economics. Series: Sociology, WP BRP 82/SOC/2018.
Lazarev, Y. (2011). Land, Votes, and Violence: Political Effects of the Insecure Property Rights over Land in Dagestan. Working Papers by NRU Higher School of Economics. Series: Political Science, WP BRP 01/SOC/2011.
Lazarev, Y.A., Sobolev, A.S., Soboleva, I.V., & Sokolov, B. (2012). Trial by Fire: a Natural Disaster’s Impact on Attitudes toward the Government in Rural Russia. Working Papers by NRU Higher School of Economics. Series: Political Science, WP BRP 04/PS/2012.
Lytkina, E. (2015). Anomie and Alienation in the Post-Communist Area: A Reapplication of the Middleton Scale in Russia and Kazakhstan. Working Papers by NRU Higher School of Economics. Series: Psychology, WP BRP 32/PSY/2015.
Magun, V., & Rudnev, M. (2013). Basic Human Values of Russians: Both Different from and Similar to Other Europeans. Working Papers by NRU Higher School of Economics. Series: Sociology, WP BRP 23/SOC/2013.
Magun, V., Rudnev, M., & Schmidt, P. (2012). Within and Between-Country Value Diversity in Europe: Latent Class Analysis. Working Papers by NRU Higher School of Economics. Series: Sociology, WP BRP 06/SOC/2012.
Rudnev, M. (2013). Value Adaptation to a New Social Environment: Impacts from Country of Birth and Country of Residence on Values of Intra-European Migrants. Working Papers by NRU Higher School of Economics. Series: Sociology, WP BRP 13/SOC/2013.
Savelyev, Y. (2014). Modernization and Variations in Emancipative Values in European Societies in 1995-2008: Test of Inglehart’s Socialization Hypothesis. Working Papers by NRU Higher School of Economics. Series: Sociology, WP BRP 48/SOC/2014.
Shcherbak, A. (2012). Does Culture Matter? The Impact of Tolerance on Economic Modernization in a Comparative Perspective. Working Papers by NRU Higher School of Economics. Series: Sociology, WP BRP 05/SOC/2012.
Shcherbak, A. (2013). Nationalism in the USSR: A Historical and Comparative Perspective. Working Papers by NRU Higher School of Economics. Series: Sociology, WP BRP 27/SOC/2013.
Shcherbak, A. (2015). Does Milk Matter? Genetic Adaptation to Environment: The Effect of Lactase Persistence on Cultural Change. Working Papers by NRU Higher School of Economics. Series: Sociology, WP BRP 64/SOC/2015.
Shcherbak, A. (2016). The Recipe for Democracy? The Spread of European Diet and Political Change. Working Papers by NRU Higher School of Economics. Series: Sociology, WP BRP 70/SOC/2016.
Shirokanova, A. (2015). Protestant Work Ethic Among the Muslims: Changeable Empirical Evidence. Working Papers by NRU Higher School of Economics. Series: Sociology, WP BRP 60/SOC/2015.
Sirotkina E., & Karandashova S. (2016). How Multilevel Elite Loyalty Strengthens Electoral Authoritarianism: Evidence from Gubernatorial Elections in Russia. Working Papers by NRU Higher School of Economics. Series: Political Science, WP BRP 36/PS/2016.
Sirotkina, E., & Zavadskaya, M. (2017). How to Get Away with Murder in Russia: Political Support in the Times of Crisis. Evidence from the Survey Experiment. Working Papers by NRU Higher School of Economics. Series: Political Science, WP BRP 47/PS/2017.
Sokolov, B. (2019). Sensitivity of Goodness of Fit Indices to Lack of Measurement Invariance with Categorical Indicators and Many Groups. Working Papers by NRU Higher School of Economics. Series: Sociology, WP BRP 86/SOC/2019.
Swader, C., & Kosals, L. (2013). Post-Socialist Anomie through the Lens of Economic Modernization and the Formalization of Social Control. Working Papers by NRU Higher School of Economics. Series: Sociology, WP BRP 17/SOC/2013.
Welzel, C., & Inglehart, R. (2013). Evolution, Empowerment and Emancipation: How Societies Ascend the Utility Ladder of Freedoms. Working Papers by NRU Higher School of Economics. Series: Sociology, WP BRP 29/SOC/2013.
Zelikova, J. (2013). Successful Aging: A Cross-National Study of Subjective Well-being Later in Life. Working Papers by NRU Higher School of Economics. Series: Sociology, WP BRP 21/SOC/2013.
Zhirkov, K. (2014). Development, Culture, and Attitudes to America: Country-Level Predictors of Anti-Americanism. Working Papers by NRU Higher School of Economics. Series: Sociology, WP BRP 35/SOC/2014.
Zhirkov, K., Verkuyten, M., & Weesie J. (2012). World Politics and Support for Terrorism within Muslim Populations: Evidence from Muslim Countries and Western Europe. Working Papers by NRU Higher School of Economics. Series: Sociology, WP BRP 08/SOC/2012.
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Статья/монография/глава подготовлена в ходе/в результате проведения исследования/работы в рамках Программы фундаментальных исследований Национального исследовательского университета «Высшая школа экономики» (НИУ ВШЭ) и с использованием средств субсидии в рамках государственной поддержки ведущих университетов Российской Федерации "5-100".
The article/book chapter/book was prepared within the framework of the Basic Research Program of the HSE University Basic Research Program and funded by the Russian Academic Excellence Project '5-100'.
Field experiments have provided ample evidence of ethnic and racial discrimination in the labour market. Less is known about how discrimination varies in multi-ethnic societies, where the ethnic composition of populations is different across locations. Inter-group contact and institutional arrangements for ethnic minorities can mitigate the sense of group threat and reduce discrimination. To provide empirical evidence of this, we conduct a field experiment of ethnic discrimination in Russia with a sample of over 9,000 job applications. We compare ethnically homogeneous cities and cities with ethnically mixed populations and privileged institutional status of ethnic minorities. We find strong discrimination against visible minorities in the former but much weaker discrimination in the latter. These findings demonstrate how institutions and historical contexts of inter-group relations can affect ethnic prejudice and discrimination.
Taking the individual data from the European Social Survey of 2004 and 2010, the authors of this paper investigate how employment type (permanent, temporary or informal employment) affects subjective well-being in respect to employment protection legislation across European countries. Our study outcomes are in line with previous research disclosing the negative impact of being temporally or informally employed on subjective well-being. The additional contribution of this study is the rigorous analysis of how employment protection legislation (EPL) moderates this effect by applying the multilevel modeling approach for 27 countries. In countries with strict EPL temporary and informal workers are significantly less satisfied with their lives than permanent employees. In countries with liberal EPL no significant decreasing effect from temporary or informal employment on people’s subjective well-being was found.
Which reaction takes the upper hand: a “rally around the flag,” born of geopolitical success, or grievance over economic misfortune? By means of a survey experiment, we aim to explore the mechanisms of blame and credit when a rally around the flag coincides with a major economic downturn, and we estimate the effects of the Crimean events and the economic crisis on how Russians assess the performance of federal political institutions. Our findings suggest that economic hardships are attributed exclusively to the government and the State Duma, while it is only the president who benefits from the rally around the flag. Moreover, the president receives an additional benefit when the “patriotic unity” priming meets the “economic hardship” priming, thereby resulting in a double rally around the flag effect. This suggests that the president stands apart from state institutions when responsibility is assigned, and he is the only one to enjoy national consolidation around him, which is further reinforced by poor economic conditions. Spotlighting the president increases his popularity and consequently increases the costs of political divides, while the legislature and the government can be exploited as scapegoats for policy failures.
This article reveals that, despite Russian regions being very different from each other when it comes to a great many socio-economic and socio-cultural properties (population income level and living standards, various features of the socio-cultural environment, social optimism, degree of religiosity and so on), those who live in regions far removed from the capital cities, given their lower level of personal income, tend to be more satisfied with their lives and demonstrate a higher level of social wellbeing, according to data from various sociological surveys. Based on empirical data, the authors argue that material aspects are not the only factors which affect subjective wellbeing in any given region. The goal of the study is to analyze the differentiation in the level of subjective wellbeing of the population of various Russian regions, which implies identifying and comparatively analyzing those factors which help interpret these differences. The primary research method is regression analysis of data from sociological surveys conducted in 2012 using the World Values Survey method in nine regions and towns of federal significance: Moscow, SaintPetersburg, Leningrad Province, Tambov, Tatarstan Republic, Chuvashia Republic, the Altai Krai, Kabardino-Balkaria Republic, Bashkortostan Republic. The analysis showed that there is indeed a connection between one’s personal income level and their subjective wellbeing, while there is no such connection between one’s subjective wellbeing and how wealthy their region is. This could be explained by the fact that people are more concerned with their personal income level than their region’s income. Aside from income level, there are other factors which determine subjective wellbeing in any given region. Moscow is considered to be the wealthiest region, however, it also has the highest level of income inequality. Both individual income and income level in comparison to the reference group considerably affect respondents’ subjective wellbeing, regardless of their region of residence. However, individual income has a stronger influence. That said it is in Moscow where subjective evaluation of one’s income level and satisfaction with one’s material status affect subjective wellbeing to the greatest extent, which is due to the fact that in Moscow both living standards and one’s sense of subjective inequality are somewhat higher. The influence of other socio-demographic factors also varies from region to region. For the most part this study confirms Ronald Inglehart’s concept of material factors playing a significant role in subjective wellbeing
Since the beginning of the 2000s, subjective well-being of the Russians was growing due to growing incomes and strengthening optimism about the future. However, the worsening economic situation following the crisis in 2008 did not cause the expected fall in subjective well-being rates. One plausible explanation is the growth of national pride. In this paper, it is tested whether or not national pride positively and causally affect happiness and life satisfaction of Russians. Possible compensatory properties of national pride — its hypothetical stronger effect for individuals with low incomes and poor health — are also being investigated.
Data: integrated database of the World Values Survey and the European Values Study containing survey data for Russia from 1990 to 2017. Methods: linear regression with instrumental variables. Results: the effect of national pride on subjective well-being is positive and statistically significant (β = 0.26, p-value < 0.001), the effect persists while using instrumental variables (β = 0.92, p-value < 0.001); the effect is stronger in the period after 2008, as well as for people with low incomes.
Environmental protest has become the main form of political protest in Russia in 2018-2019. The decision to open a landfill for waste disposal at Shies station in the Arkhangelsk region caused dissatisfaction of residents with the policies of regional elites and strengthened the position of environmental protest in the whole country. In the article we identify the politicization of environmental discourse using the case of the landfill at Shies. We show how the political decision of the authorities, which was excluded from the public discussion and competing discourses, has led to the dominant discourse construction of an environmental problem as a political one among citizens. Based on 19 semi-structured interviews with residents of the Arkhangelsk region we conclude that the politicization of environmental discourse and high political mobilization occurred due to three main mechanisms that worked simultaneously. Citizens assess the decision as illegitimate, unfair and attributed responsibility to certain political leaders.
Among the goals of social policy there is a specific one that welfare states are particularly interested in. This goal refers to a decrease in inequality levels, and consequently, an increase in subjective well-being. But does a successful social policy in fact offset the effects of inequality on subjective well-being? This question has long been an important feature of the research agenda but few give a straight answer to it. This work tests a hypothesis assuming that in regions with relatively low levels of average household income and high levels of inequality social policy can reduce negative effects of inequality by redistributing large budget shares between health care, education and social programs. Two sources of empirical data were used in the study: (1) results of a survey conducted in 34 Russian regions representing the population of these regions, (2) objective indicators measuring the extent of social policy tools used in the regions under consideration. To evaluate whether regional social policy is capable of compensating for inequality effects the authors test Bayesian hierarchical models with uninformative and informative prior distributions. The authors conclude that expanding the scope of social policy tools in health care can compensate for the negative effects of the perceived inequality on subjective well-being.
This research aims to establish the effect of aspiration level and social comparison on life satisfaction in Russia. Unlike previous studies, it is argued that in their financial aspirations individuals orient themselves not to a single ideal income figure but rather to an inherently socialcomparative space of prosperity. Depending on their life experience they will aim at either approaching the higher border or the center of this space, or at getting farther from the lower borderline. The results of multilevel regression modeling run on data from Russian Longitudinal Monitoring Survey (RLMS), Wave 25 show that, in line with previous research, the higher up are one’s aspirations, the lower is their satisfaction with life. Interestingly though, the exact mechanisms are rather different for individuals who have lived through the economic crisis of the 90s fullaged and their younger compatriots. It was also found that social comparison with generalized other have a higher effect on one’s subjective wellbeing than with specific income groups (the rich, middle class or the poor). Moreover, the negative effect of the aspiration level is alleviated by higher poverty rate in the region: the individuals experience lower reduction in life satisfaction if they are more financially deprived people around them.