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Regular version of the site

Laboratory for Comparative Social Research

The Laboratory for Comparative Social Research (LCSR) was established in the Higher School of Economics, a National Research University, in November 2010 when professors Ronald Inglehart and Eduard Ponarin were awarded a mega-grant from the Russian government. The focus of our research is on comparative studies of social change – the analysis of cross-sectional and longitudinal data based on World Values Survey (WVS) data. LCSR is the only official partner and representative of the World Values Survey and European Values Survey in Russia, as well as a partner of the Eurasian monitor.

* Click for WVS-EVS 7th wave (2017-2020) data

Our Features

  • News
  • Publications
Publications
Book
Electoral Integrity and Political Regimes Actors, Strategies and Consequences

Zavadskaya M., Garnett H. A.

L.: Routledge, 2018.

Article
The Impact of Societal Instability on Demographic Behavior (The Case of Soviet and Post-Soviet Russia)

Frantsuz Y., Ponarin E.

Population Research and Policy Review. 2020.

Book chapter
Imperial and ethnic nationalism: A dilemma of the Russian elite

Ponarin E., Komin M.

In bk.: Russia Before and After Crimea. Edinburgh University Press, 2018. P. 50-67.

Working paper
Multilevel Modeling for Economists: Why, When and How

Oshchepkov A. Y., Shirokanova A.

Economics/EC. WP BRP. Высшая школа экономики, 2020. No. 233.

Illustration for news: World Values Survey 7th Wave Dataset is Published Now!

World Values Survey 7th Wave Dataset is Published Now!

The World Values Survey Association has announced the first release of the brand-new World Values Survey dataset. Fieldwork for this 7th wave was conducted from mid-2017 to early-2020. This includes 78 countries and societies on all inhabited continents around the globe.

Illustration for news: Childless by Choice

Childless by Choice

Types of childfree and how society contributes to this trend

Illustration for news: A Proud ‘No’

A Proud ‘No’

Why egalitarian values don’t catch on in post-Soviet countries

Illustration for news: 10th LCSR International Workshop — the Deadline was Extended!

10th LCSR International Workshop — the Deadline was Extended!

The Laboratory for Comparative Social Research of the National Research University Higher School of Economics announces a call for the 10th LCSR International Workshop, which will be held within the XXI April International Academic Conference on Economic and Social Development. It will take place in Moscow from the 6th till 10th of April 2019. The deadline was extended. The last day to submit your paper is December 29, 2019.

Illustration for news: Olesya Volchenko has received a PhD in Sociology

Olesya Volchenko has received a PhD in Sociology

Olesya Volchenko, Junior Research Fellow at LCSR, has received a PhD in Sociology. Congratualtions!

Illustration for news: 'Golden Reference' Award: Aigul Mavletova is the Winner!

'Golden Reference' Award: Aigul Mavletova is the Winner!

Aigul Mavletova, LCSR Senior Research Fellow, has become a winner of 'Golden Reference' Award — 2019. It is the second time in quite short history of the Award (since 2016) when LCSR research fellow becomes the winner. Congratulations!

Illustration for news: Golden HSE Winners Awarded on HSE’s 27th Anniversary

Golden HSE Winners Awarded on HSE’s 27th Anniversary

On November 27, the HSE University held its 18th annual Golden HSE Award Ceremony in honour of colleagues who have demonstrated excellence in research or have contributed in a meaningful way to the HSE community. The special occasion coincided with the university’s 27th anniversary.

Illustration for news: 10th LCSR International Workshop is Now Open for Submissions

10th LCSR International Workshop is Now Open for Submissions

The Laboratory for Comparative Social Research of the National Research University Higher School of Economics announces a call for the 10th LCSR International Workshop, which will be held within the XXI April International Academic Conference on Economic and Social Development. It will take place in Moscow from the 6th till 10th of April 2019. The submission deadline is December 20, 2019.

Illustration for news: Final day of the International workshop “Social Inequality and Value Polarization: A Cross-Country Perspective”

Final day of the International workshop “Social Inequality and Value Polarization: A Cross-Country Perspective”

In this article we describe the final day of the International workshop “Social Inequality and Polarization Value: A Cross-Country Perspective”.

Illustration for news: Second day of the International Workshop “Social Inequality and Polarization Value: A Cross-Country Perspective”

Second day of the International Workshop “Social Inequality and Polarization Value: A Cross-Country Perspective”

In this article we describe the second day of the International workshop “Social Inequality and Polarization Value: A Cross-Country Perspective”.

ArticlesWorking PapersAffiliationAll Publications

Publications 2019

In English

  1. Foa, R.S., & Nemirovskaya, A.V. (2019). Frontier Settlement and the Spatial Variation of Civic InstitutionsPolitical Geography 73(8), 112-122. DOI: 10.1016/j.polgeo.2019.05.013.
  2. Karabchuk, T., & Soboleva, N. (2019). Temporary Employment, Informal Work and Subjective Well-Being Across Europe: Does Labor Legislation Matter? Journal of Happiness Studies, 1-23. DOI: 10.1007/s10902-019-00152-4.
  3. Kravtsova, M., & Oshchepkov, A.Y. (2019). Market and Network CorruptionWorking Papers by HSE University. Series: Economics, WP BRP 209/EC/2019.
  4. Kriesi, H., & Malet, G. (2019). Economic Shocks and the Cost of Ruling: Evidence from ItalyJournal of Elections, Public Opinion and Parties, 1-20. DOI: 10.1080/17457289.2019.1571496.
  5. Mavletova, A., & Lynn, P. (2019). Item Nonresponse Rates and Panel Conditioning in a Longitudinal Survey among Youth. Field Methods 31(2), 95-115. DOI: 10.1177/1525822X18825103.
  6. Nemirovskiy, V.G., & Nemirovskaya, A.V. (2019). Social Competitiveness of the Youth and Their Perceptions of the Socio-Cultural Environment (Based on Research in a Large Siberian Region)Journal of Siberian Federal University. Series: Humanities & Social Sciences 12(2), 206-216. DOI: 10.17516/1997-1370-0389.
  7. Sokolov, B. Sensitivity of Goodness of Fit Indices to Lack of Measurement Invariance with Categorical Indicators and Many GroupsWorking Papers by NRU Higher School of Economics. Series: Sociology, WP BRP 86/SOC/2019.
  8. Tkacheva, T., & Golosov, G.V. (2019). United Russia’s Primaries and the Strength of Political Machines in the Regions of Russia: Evidence from the 2016 Duma Elections. Europe-Asia Studies 71(5), 824-839. DOI: 10.1080/09668136.2019.1613515.

In Russian

  1. Корсунова В.И. Культурное потребление в социологических исследованиях: обзор подходов к измерению понятия // Экономическая социология. 2019. Т. 20. № 2. С. 148-173.
  2. Костенко В.В., Понарин Э.Д., Стребкова О.Н. Влияние исторических процессов на гендерные установки в странах Арабского Востока // Восток. Афро-Азиатские общества: история и современность. 2019. № 2. С. 126-146.
  3. Поплавская А.А., Соболева Н.Э. Реализация достижительных мотивов мужчин и женщин на рынках труда разных стран мира // Экономическая социология. 2019. Т. 20. № 2. С. 51-85.
  4. Ткачева Т.Ю., Турченко М.С. Факторы успеха кандидатов-самовыдвиженцев на выборах в представительные органы столиц регионов России (2014-2018 гг.) // Политическая наука. 2019. № 1. С. 147-164.
  5. Чмель К.Ш. Редуцируя комплексность: революция в современной левой политической мысли // Полития. 2019. № 1 (92). С. 22-40. DOI: 10.30570/2078-5089-2019-92-1-22-40.

Publications 2018

In English

  1. Almakaeva, A., Welzel, C., & Ponarin, E. (2018). Human Empowerment and Trust in Strangers: the Multilevel EvidenceSocial Indicators Research 139(3), 923-962. DOI: 10.1007%2Fs11205-017-1724-z.
  2. Bessudnov, A., & Shcherbak, A. (2018). Ethnic hierarchy in the Russian labour market: A field experimentSocArXiv papers. DOI: 10.31235/osf.io/2qzus.
  3. Brunkert, L.J., Kruse, S., & Welzel, C. (2018). A tale of culture-bound regime evolution: the centennial democratic trend and its recent reversalDemocratization, 1-22. DOI: 10.1080/13510347.2018.1542430.
  4. Chmel, K., Savin, N., & Michael, X.D.C. Making Politics Attractive: Political Satire and Exposure to Political Information in New Media Environment in RussiaWorking Papers by NRU Higher School of Economics. Series: Political Science, WP BRP 63/PS/2018.
  5. Dollbaum, J.M., Semenov, A., & Sirotkina, E. (2018). A Top-Down Movement with Grass-Roots Effects? Alexei Navalny’s Electoral CampaignSocial Movement Studies, 1-8. DOI: 10.1080/14742837.2018.1483228.
  6. Electoral Integrity and Political Regimes Actors, Strategies and Consequences / ed. by Zavadskaya, M., & Garnett, H.A. L.: Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group, 2018.
  7. Firat, R., Kwon, H.W., & Hitlin, S. (2018). A Novel Measure of Moral Boundaries: Testing Perceived In-group/Out-group Value Differences in a Midwestern SampleSocius: Sociological Research for a Dynamic World 4, 1-11. DOI: 10.1177/2378023118818741.
  8. Foa, R., Inglehart, R.F., Ponarin, E., & Karabchuk, T. (2018). Set-Point Theory and Societal Collapse: The Case of RussiaJournal of Happiness Studies 19(6), 1639-1656. DOI: 10.1007/s10902-017-9888-4.
  9. Golosov, G.V., & Tkacheva, T. (2018). Let My People Run: Pre-Election Resignations of Russia's Governors, 2013-2015Problems of Post-Communism 65(4), 243-252. DOI: 10.1080/10758216.2017.1351305.
  10. Gureev, A.S., Ananieva, E.D., Rubanovich, A.V., Inglehart, R.F., Ponarin, E.D., & Borinskaya, S.A. (2018). Association of MAOA-uVNTR Polymorphism with Subjective Well-Being in MenRussian Journal of Genetics 54(5), 562-567. DOI: 10.1134/S1022795418050058.
  11. Kravtsova, M., Oshchepkov, A.Y., & Welzel, C. The Shadow of the Family: Historical Roots of Social Capital in EuropeWorking Papers by NRU Higher School of Economics. Series: Sociology, WP BRP 82/SOC/2018.
  12. Mavletova, A.M., Gavrilov, K.A., & Tholmogorova, T. (2018). Gamifying a web survey among adolescents: effects on understanding of risk, risk calculation, and ratio-biasJournal of Risk Research, 1-14. DOI: 10.1080/13669877.2018.1501592.
  13. Mavletova, A.M., Couper, M.P., & Lebedev, D.V. (2018). Grid and Item-by-Item Formats in PC and Mobile Web SurveysSocial Science Computer Review 36(6), 647-668. DOI: 10.1177/0894439317735307.
  14. Mitrokhina, E. (2018). Executive Constraints and Economic Growth in AutocraciesBulletin of Perm University. Political Science 12(4), 106-121. DOI: 10.17072/2218-1067-2018-4-106-121.
  15. Nemirovskaya, A. (2018). The Standard of Living and Revolutions in Russia, 1700–1917 by Boris Mironov (review)Ab Imperio 19(3), 436-442. DOI: 10.1353/imp.2018.0072.
  16. Ponarin, E., & Komin, M. Imperial and ethnic nationalism: A dilemma of the Russian elite. Russia Before and After Crimea. Edinburgh University Press, 2018. P. 50-67.
  17. Ponarin, E., & Komin, M. (2018). The Russian elite's imperial nationalism and the Russian society: The emergence of a grand consensusSociology Compass 12(12), 1-16. DOI: 10.1111/soc4.12641.
  18. Savin, N., Kashirskikh, O.N., & Mavletova, A.M. (2018). Fragility of Strong Media-Effects in Authoritarian Environment (Evidence from Russia)European Journal of Communication, 1-18. DOI: 10.1177/0267323118775305.
  19. Shirokanova, A., & Silyutina, O. (2018). Internet Regulation Media Coverage in Russia: Topics and CountriesWebSci'18 Proceedings of the 10th ACM Conference on Web Science. N.Y.: ACM, 2018. P. 359-363. DOI: 10.1145/3201064.3201102.
  20. Shirokanova, A., & Silyutina, O. (2018). Internet Regulation: A Text-based Approach to Media CoverageDigital Transformation and Global Society Third International Conference, DTGS 2018, St. Petersburg, Russia, May 30 – June 2, 2018. Revised Selected Papers, Part I. Iss. 858. Cham: Springer, 2018. P. 181-194. DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-02843-5_15.
  21. Sokolov, B. (2018). The Index of Emancipative Values: Measurement Model MisspecificationsAmerican Political Science Review 112(2), 395-408. DOI: 10.1017/S0003055417000624.
  22. Sokolov, B., Inglehart, R.F., Ponarin, E., Vartanova, I., & Zimmerman, W. (2018). Disillusionment and Anti-Americanism in Russia: From Pro-American to Anti-American Attitudes, 1993–2009International Studies Quarterly. DOI: 10.1093/isq/sqy013.
  23. Vliert, E. van de, Welzel, C., Shcherbak, A., Fischer, R., & Alexander, A.C. (2018). Got Milk? How Freedoms Evolved From Dairying ClimatesJournal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 1-18. DOI: 10.1177/0022022118778336.
  24. Yusupova, G., & Ponarin, E. (2018). Social Remittances in Religion: Muslim Migrants in Russia and Transformation of Islamic PracticesProblems of Post-Communism  65(3), 188-200. DOI: 10.1080/10758216.2016.1224552.
  25. Zavadskaya, M., & Garnett, H.A. Electoral Integrity and Political Regimes Actors, Strategies and Consequences. L.: Routledge, 2018.

In Russian

  1. Алмакаева А.М., Мавлетова А.М. Модернизационные процессы в России: ожидать ли сдвига в сторону эмансипативных ценностей? // Мониторинг общественного мнения: Экономические и социальные перемены. 2018. № 6. С. 91-112. DOI: 10.14515/monitoring.2018.6.05.
  2. Волченко О.В., Алмакаева А.М. Динамика социального капитала в России // Мониторинг общественного мнения: Экономические и социальные перемены. 2018. № 4. С. 273-292. DOI: 10.14515/monitoring.2018.4.13.
  3. Гуреев А.С., Ананьева Е.Д., Рубанович А.В., Инглхарт Р.Ф., Понарин Э.Д., Боринская С.А. Ассоциация uVNTR-аллелей гена MAOA с субъективной оценкой благополучия у мужчин // Генетика. 2018. Т. 54, № 5. С. 556-562. DOI: 10.7868/S0016675818050065.
  4. Ломакин И.В. Продолжая Кона: гендер, семья, занятость. Специальная секция VIII Грушинской социологической конференции // Мониторинг общественного мнения: экономические и социальные перемены. 2018. № 3. С. 364-373. DOI: 10.14515/monitoring.2018.3.20.
  5. Немировский В., Немировская А., Булатова Т.А. Страх как фактор социокультурных деформаций жизненного мира россиян // Вестник Института социологии. 2018. № 24. С. 95-114. DOI: 10.19181/vis.2018.24.1.499.
  6. Немировский В., Немировская А.В. Социальная конкурентоспособность: шансы на успех у молодежи и взрослых // Социологический журнал. 2018. Т. 24. № 2. С. 135-149. DOI: 10.19181/socjour.2018.24.2.5848.
  7. Соколов Б.О., Корсунова В.И. Нестрогий байесовский подход к проверке допущения об измерительной инвариантности: иллюстрация на примере ценностей выбора // Социология: методология, методы, математическое моделирование. 2018. № 46. С. 7-43.
  8. Терентьев Е.А., Мавлетова А.М., Косолапов М.С. Интервьюирование с помощью компьютерных технологий в лонгитюдных обследованиях домохозяйств // Мониторинг общественного мнения: экономические и социальные перемены. 2018. № 3. С. 47-64. DOI: 10.14515/monitoring.2018.3.03.
  9. Широканова А.А. Установки в отношении социального обеспечения в Польше и России: результаты Европейского социального исследования // Журнал Белорусского государственного университета. Социология. 2018. № 1. С. 135-143.
  10. Щербак А.Н., Ухватова М.В. От «красного пояса» – к «библейскому»: исторические предпосылки сдвигов в политической географии России // Общественные науки и современность. 2018. № 6. С. 98-113. DOI: 10.31857/S086904990000379-8.

Publications of Associate Researchers 2018

In English

  1. Ignácz, Z.S. (2018). The Remains of the Socialist Legacy: The Influence of Socialist Socialization on Attitudes toward Income InequalitySocieties 8(3), 1-33. DOI: 10.3390/soc8030062.

Alexander, A., Welzel, C., & Inglehart, R. (2013). Rising Support for Reproductive Freedoms: Emancipatory Breakthroughs into a Bulwark of Tradition. Working Papers by NRU Higher School of Economics. Series: Sociology, WP BRP 30/SOC/2013.

Bessudnov, A. (2014). Parental Occupational Status And Labour Market Outcomes In Russia. Working Papers by NRU Higher School of Economics. Series: Sociology, WP BRP 36/SOC/2014.

Bessudnov, A., & Makarov, A. (2013). Gender Differences in Mathematical Performance and the School Context: Evidence from Russia. Working Papers by NRU Higher School of Economics. Series: Education, WP BRP 11/EDU/2013.

Chmel, K., Demin, A., & Kazantcev, K. (2017). Dictators’ Behavior Under Conditions of Economic Sanctions Cumulative EffectWorking Papers by NRU Higher School of Economics. Series: Political Science, WP BRP 50/PS/2017.

Chmel, K., Savin, N., & Michael, X.D.C. (2018). Making Politics Attractive: Political Satire and Exposure to Political Information in New Media Environment in RussiaWorking Papers by NRU Higher School of Economics. Series: Political Science, WP BRP 63/PS/2018.

Fabrykant, M., & Magun, V. (2015). Grounded and Normative Dimensions of National Pride in Comparative Perspective. Working Papers by NRU Higher School of Economics. Series: Sociology, WP BRP 62/SOC/2015.

Foa, R., Nemirovskaya, A., & Mostovova, E. (2012). Internal Empires I: Social Institutions of the Frontier. Working Papers by NRU Higher School of Economics. Series: Sociology, WP BRP 09/SOC/2012.

Gryaznova, O. (2013). Factors Affecting Welfare Attitudes in Different Types of Welfare States: Personal Interests and Values. Working Papers by NRU Higher School of Economics. Series: Sociology, WP BRP 18/SOC/2013.

Inglehart, R., Foa, R., Ponarin, E., & Welzel, C. (2013). Understanding the Russian Malaise: The Collapse and Recovery of Subjective Well-being in Post-communist Russia. Working Papers by NRU Higher School of Economics. Series: Sociology, WP BRP 32/SOC/2013.

Inglehart, R., Welzel, C., & Puranen, B. (2013). Reinventing the Kantean Peace: The Emerging Mass Basis of Global Security. Working Papers by NRU Higher School of Economics. Series: Sociology, WP BRP 28/SOC/2013.

Inglehart, R.F., Borinskaya, S., Cotter, A., Harro, J., Inglehart, R.C., Ponarin, E., & Welzel, C. (2013). Genes, Security, Tolerance and Happiness. Working Papers by NRU Higher School of Economics. Series: Sociology, WP BRP 31/SOC/2013.

Kravtsova, M., & Oshchepkov, A.Y. (2019). Market and Network CorruptionWorking Papers by HSE University. Series: Economics, WP BRP 209/EC/2019.

Kravtsova, M., Oshchepkov, A., & Welzel C. (2014). Corruption and Docial Values: Do Postmaterialists Justify Bribery? Working Papers by NRU Higher School of Economics. Series: Sociology, WP BRP 34/SOC/2014.

Kravtsova, M., Oshchepkov, A.Y., & Welzel, C. (2018). The Shadow of the Family: Historical Roots of Social Capital in Europe. Working Papers by NRU Higher School of Economics. Series: Sociology, WP BRP 82/SOC/2018.

Lazarev, Y. (2011). Land, Votes, and Violence: Political Effects of the Insecure Property Rights over Land in DagestanWorking Papers by NRU Higher School of Economics. Series: Political Science, WP BRP 01/SOC/2011.

Lazarev, Y.A., Sobolev, A.S., Soboleva, I.V., & Sokolov, B. (2012). Trial by Fire: a Natural Disaster’s Impact on Attitudes toward the Government in Rural Russia. Working Papers by NRU Higher School of Economics. Series: Political Science, WP BRP 04/PS/2012.

Lytkina, E. (2015). Anomie and Alienation in the Post-Communist Area: A Reapplication of the Middleton Scale in Russia and Kazakhstan. Working Papers by NRU Higher School of Economics. Series: Psychology, WP BRP 32/PSY/2015.

Magun, V., & Rudnev, M. (2013). Basic Human Values of Russians: Both Different from and Similar to Other Europeans. Working Papers by NRU Higher School of Economics. Series: Sociology, WP BRP 23/SOC/2013.

Magun, V., Rudnev, M., & Schmidt, P. (2012). Within and Between-Country Value Diversity in Europe: Latent Class Analysis. Working Papers by NRU Higher School of Economics. Series: Sociology, WP BRP 06/SOC/2012.

Rudnev, M. (2013). Value Adaptation to a New Social Environment: Impacts from Country of Birth and Country of Residence on Values of Intra-European Migrants. Working Papers by NRU Higher School of Economics. Series: Sociology, WP BRP 13/SOC/2013.

Savelyev, Y. (2014). Modernization and Variations in Emancipative Values in European Societies in 1995-2008: Test of Inglehart’s Socialization HypothesisWorking Papers by NRU Higher School of Economics. Series: Sociology, WP BRP 48/SOC/2014.

Shcherbak, A. (2012). Does Culture Matter? The Impact of Tolerance on Economic Modernization in a Comparative Perspective. Working Papers by NRU Higher School of Economics. Series: Sociology, WP BRP 05/SOC/2012.

Shcherbak, A. (2013). Nationalism in the USSR: A Historical and Comparative Perspective. Working Papers by NRU Higher School of Economics. Series: Sociology, WP BRP 27/SOC/2013.

Shcherbak, A. (2015). Does Milk Matter? Genetic Adaptation to Environment: The Effect of Lactase Persistence on Cultural Change. Working Papers by NRU Higher School of Economics. Series: Sociology, WP BRP 64/SOC/2015.

Shcherbak, A. (2016). The Recipe for Democracy? The Spread of European Diet and Political Change. Working Papers by NRU Higher School of Economics. Series: Sociology, WP BRP 70/SOC/2016.

Shirokanova, A. (2015). Protestant Work Ethic Among the Muslims: Changeable Empirical Evidence. Working Papers by NRU Higher School of Economics. Series: Sociology, WP BRP 60/SOC/2015.

Sirotkina E., & Karandashova S. (2016). How Multilevel Elite Loyalty Strengthens Electoral Authoritarianism: Evidence from Gubernatorial Elections in RussiaWorking Papers by NRU Higher School of Economics. Series: Political Science, WP BRP 36/PS/2016.

Sirotkina, E., & Zavadskaya, M. (2017). How to Get Away with Murder in Russia: Political Support in the Times of Crisis. Evidence from the Survey ExperimentWorking Papers by NRU Higher School of Economics. Series: Political Science, WP BRP 47/PS/2017.

Sokolov, B. (2019). Sensitivity of Goodness of Fit Indices to Lack of Measurement Invariance with Categorical Indicators and Many GroupsWorking Papers by NRU Higher School of Economics. Series: Sociology, WP BRP 86/SOC/2019.

Swader, C., & Kosals, L. (2013). Post-Socialist Anomie through the Lens of Economic Modernization and the Formalization of Social Control. Working Papers by NRU Higher School of Economics. Series: Sociology, WP BRP 17/SOC/2013.

Welzel, C., & Inglehart, R. (2013). Evolution, Empowerment and Emancipation: How Societies Ascend the Utility Ladder of Freedoms. Working Papers by NRU Higher School of Economics. Series: Sociology, WP BRP 29/SOC/2013.

Zelikova, J. (2013). Successful Aging: A Cross-National Study of Subjective Well-being Later in Life. Working Papers by NRU Higher School of Economics. Series: Sociology, WP BRP 21/SOC/2013.

Zhirkov, K. (2014). Development, Culture, and Attitudes to America: Country-Level Predictors of Anti-Americanism. Working Papers by NRU Higher School of Economics. Series: Sociology, WP BRP 35/SOC/2014.

Zhirkov, K., Verkuyten, M., & Weesie J. (2012). World Politics and Support for Terrorism within Muslim Populations: Evidence from Muslim Countries and Western Europe. Working Papers by NRU Higher School of Economics. Series: Sociology, WP BRP 08/SOC/2012.

We recommend you to use the following HSE affiliation:

In Russian:

Лаборатория сравнительных социальных исследований, Национальный исследовательский университет «Высшая школа экономики».

In English:

Laboratory for Comparative Social Research, National Research University Higher School of Economics, Russian Federation.

The source of the research financing is strictly required: 

In Russian:

Статья/монография/глава подготовлена в ходе/в результате проведения исследования/работы в рамках Программы фундаментальных исследований Национального исследовательского университета «Высшая школа экономики» (НИУ ВШЭ) и с использованием средств субсидии в рамках государственной поддержки ведущих университетов Российской Федерации "5-100".

In English:

The article/book chapter/book was prepared within the framework of the Basic Research Program of the HSE University Basic Research Program and funded by the Russian Academic Excellence Project '5-100'.

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