Subjective Well-being of Untypically Employed
Tatiana Karabchuk, Marina Nikitina and Natalia Soboleva presented a report at the LCSR regular seminar
Marina, Natalia and Tatiana presented a progress report on their project that is aimed to study how the type of employment affects subjective well-being.
While 30 year ago the predominant type of employment was full-time permanent contract, now non-standard contracts including part-time, informal, temporary job and self-employment are widespread. Traditionally they are associated with lower wages, lack of social benefits and guarantees as well as with the feeling of inferiority and uncertainty in the future. So it is reasonable to assume that people’s well-being (happiness, life satisfaction) depends to a large extent on employment status.
Literature review shows that part-time job negatively affects both job- and life-satisfaction while self-employment, on the contrary, has a positive effect on both these parameters.
The presenters demonstrated five hypotheses of the study. The main assumption is that untypical employment has both direct and indirect effects on subjective well-being through job satisfaction. The other hypotheses are the following: a) informal employment negatively affects subjective well-being as workers have no guarantees and social benefits, b) temporary employment negatively affects subjective well-being as workers feel uncertainty in future, c) self-employment positively affects subjective well-being, because workers have their own business and control it by themselves and d) part-time employment positively affects women’s subjective well-being as they combine work and family care, but it negatively affects men’s subjective well-being, because it is involuntary choice for many men.
On country level it is assumed that the stricter is labour market regulation and more unprotected are temporary and informally employed, the lower is their level of subjective well-being and the general level of subjective well-being in the country.
The researchers use two data sets - European Value Study (2008) and European Social Survey (2010).
The preliminary findings reveal that the type of employment does affect job satisfaction. In the majority of European countries self-employed are more satisfied with their jobs than full-time and part-time employed. Moreover, satisfaction with work-life balance is lower than job satisfaction and subjective well-being. In addition, job is less important in the countries where self-expression values are more prevalent.
by Victoria Remezkova