Hye Won Kwon
Education and academic positions:
Academic interests: Social Stratification, Social Psychology, Cross-Cultural Research, Agency, Values, Well-Being.
A Cross-Cultural Study on Social Stratification in Psycho-logical Resources — Sense of Control and Grit
My current project proposes a cross-cultural examination of how psychological resources beneficial for life achievements are shaped by one’s social stratification positions. People in advantaged positions tend to have a stronger belief that they can control life outcomes (sense of control), and perseverance for a long-term goal (grit). The focus of this research, however, has been mostly on the United States. In cross-cultural psychology, however, we find substantial between-culture variability: people in Western countries tend to show a higher level of agency belief than East Asians (Klassen 2004). Bridging these two streams of research, my proposed work develops a theory that national culture sets a baseline for individual psychological functioning while social stratification produces within-culture variance, such that higher socioeconomic position leads to greater senses of control and grit. Using data collected in four nations (the United States, France, South Korea, and Turkey), I will examine whether the effects of one’s socioeconomic position on sense of control and grit vary between nations with different cultural value emphasis. This novel approach will contribute to broader understanding of the mechanism in which culture and social structure jointly or independently shapes two beneficial psychological components. This work will contribute to broader understanding of the cultural and structural mechanisms that shape these two psychological resources.
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