Address: Wassenaarseweg 52, 2333 AK Leiden, The Netherlands
Education and academic positions:
Academic interests: Democratic peace thesis, Experimental methodology, Political behavior (mass & elite), Political culture , Political Theory.
Liberal norms and support for war in comparative cross-regime perspective: evaluating the presence and influence of liberal norms. In many theories of philosophy, political science, international relations, sociology, and psychology, liberal norms are assumed to be a product of liberal-democracy. Moreover, these norms are expected to have a special effect on the citizenry. Within the field of international relations the role of liberal norms is emphasized within the democratic peace research agenda. One of the most prevailing explanations for this empirical finding that democracies do not go to war with other democracies is the ‘liberal norms explanation’, which argues that there is an influence of political culture on the use of force between states. This research combines insights from international relations, comparative politics and political psychology to study the link between the value-systems of societies with different political regimes and their propensity to wage wars. It revises the concept of liberal norms as used within democratic peace studies, and furthermore develops a measurement to actually measure liberal norms. By using an experimental approach and a systematic comparison of the level of liberal norms between liberal and new democracies, and autocracies and hybrid regimes, this research project provides an innovative and robust empirical test of the democratic peace thesis. By doing so, the project contributes to contemporary debates about the causes of violent inter-state conflicts.
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