Высшая школа экономики в Москве


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Eduard Ponarin

Director  | LCSR St.Petersburg

Expert Council Member

Address:  St. Petersburg, room 316, 55-2, Sedova st.

Phone: +7 (812) 560-42-45

E-mail:  eponarin@hse.ru

 CV | Personal page

Eduard Ponarin is the director of the LCSR. He is also a Professor at HSE in Saint-Petersburg at the Department of Sociology. Professor Ponarin holds a PhD in Sociology from the University of Michigan, USA. The key topics of his research are nationalism, ethnicity and religiosity. He is the head of such projects as “Tolerance of post-Soviet press” which is financed by the INTAS and involves participants from Moscow, Kazan, Astana, Samarqand, and St. Petersburg and “Religious and ethnic identities in the Volga-Urals region” financed by the Open Society Institute, the Carnegie Corporation of New York and the American Council of Learned Societies and involving gathering and analysis of expert interviews and mass survey data.

Education and academic positions:

  • 1996- Ph.D., Sociology, University of Michigan, USA;
  • 1986- Degree in Psychology, Leningrad State University;
  • 2008- present- Professor, Department of Sociology, Higher School of Economics;
  • 1998- present- Professor, Department of Political Sciences and Sociology, EUSP.

Academic interests: nationalism, religion, social psychology, statistical analysis. 

Research projects:

  • Genes, security, tolerance and happiness (together with Ronald Iglehart and Christian Welzel; 2012-2014)  
  • Russian Elite-2020 (together with Ronald Iglehart, William Zimmerman, Yegor Lazarev, Boris Sokolov, and Irina Vartanova; 2012-2014) 
  • Suicide in Contemporary Society (together with Vasiliy Usenko; 2012-2014)  
  • Attitude to Gender Equality in the Arab East (together with Veronica Kostenko and Pavel Kuzmichev; 2012-2014)
  • Sexual Liberalization in Central Asia (together with Veronica Kostenko and Sofia Lopatina; 2013-2014)
  • Islam and Nationalism in Volga-Ural region (with Kirill Zhirkovproject leader(2011-2012);
  • Modernization and Well-Being in Russia (with Ronald Inglehart and Roberto Foa) (2010-2012).

Islam and Nationalism in Volga-Ural Region (completed)

The correlation between Islam and nationalism is empirically analyzed in the case of Tatarstan and Bashkortostan. The hypothesis about existence of two forms of nationalism (ethnic and political) is being tested.

Read more…

Modernization and Well-Being in Russia (completed)

Subjective well-being in Russia was already low in 1982. Economic development is strongly linked with subjective well-being- the people of rich countries tend to be happier than the people of poor countries. But empirical evidence indicates that as early as 1982, the Russia people already ranked lower on happiness and life satisfaction than the people of much poorer countries such as Nigeria or India. Already in 1982, the Russian people were suffering from a malaise linked with the era of stagnation; external signs of this malaise, such as rising alcoholism and declining male life expectancy, were evident. But in subsequent years, with the collapse of the Soviet Union-- and the collapse of the communist belief system-- subjective well-being in Russia fell to levels never seen before. Thus, by 1990, Russia (with a few other countries such as Belarus, Ukraine, Bulgaria and Romania) showed the world's lowest levels of subjective well-being-- in fact, the lowest levels ever recorded. This was linked with falling birth rates and life expectancy, which continued until 1995. In recent years, the trend toward falling subjective well-being has begun to reverse itself, so that by the time of 2006 and 2011 waves of WVS, it had moved back toward the level of 1982, but still ranked low in global perspective.

This project will provide an answer as to whether this recovery has continued and to monitor related changes in the social, economic, political and religious orientations of the Russian people. The surveys taken in LCSR are carried out in connection with the 2010-2011 wave of the World Values Surveys, which has surveyed representative national samples of the publics of countries containing 90 percent of the world’s population, in successive waves of surveys conducted since 1981. This makes it possible to analyze the data collected by this project in context with comparable data from countries around the world, and to measure changes observed from 1981 to the present.

Selected publications:

  • Ponarin E. and Kostenko V. (2013) Attitude to Gender Equality in the Arab East // Journal of Siberian Federal University. Series: Humanities & Social Sciences. Vol. 6. No. 12. P. 1838-1846. Read online
  • Inglehart R. and Ponarin E. (2013). Happiness and democracy, 1972-2008 // Journal of Siberian Federal University, Vol. 6, № 8, pp. 1097-1106 Read online
  • Ponarin E. and Zhirkov K. (2013). Political and Ethnic Nationalism: Institutional Factors of Tatar Nationalism in the Volga-Ural Region // Mir Rossii (The World of Russia), 3, 2013, pp. 152-177. (In Russian)
  • Welzel C., Inglehart R., Alexander A., Ponarin E. (2012) Disentangling the Culture-Institution Nexus: The Case of Human Empowerment // Journal of Sociology and Social Antropology, Vol XV, 4 (63) P. 12-43. Full-text (In Russian)
  • Ponarin E. (2008). Changing Federalism and the Islamic Challenge in Tatarstan // Demokratizatsiya, vol. 16, no. 3, pp. 265-276.
  • Ponarin E.D., Dm. Dubrovsky, A. Tolkachova, and R. Akifieva. (2007). Indeks (in)tolerantnosti pressy (An index of press (in)tolerance) // in Verkhovsky, Alexander (ed.) “Iazyk vrazhdy protiv obschestva” (Hate speech against the society), Moscow: Sova (In Russian) 
  • Ponarin E., Kouznetsova-Morenko I. (2006). The Islamic Challenge in Russia’s Muslim Regions: The case of Tatarstan // Georgetown Journal of International Affairs.  Summer/Fall 2006, pp. 21-25.
  • Ponarin E., Sagitova L. (2005). “Construction de l'identité nationale et islam: les Kurdes de Turquie et les Tatars de la Volga” // pp. 223-238 en Islam et politique en ex-URSS (Russie d’Europe et Asie Centrale), sous la direction de Marléne Laruelle et Sébastien Peyrouse. Paris: L'Harmattan. 
  • Eduard Ponarin, Dru Gladney, Lilia Sagitova, Yang Shengmin, and Wang Jianmin (2004).  Muslim minority identifications in post-9/11 China and Russia 
  • Ponarin E. (2000). The Prospects of Assimilation of the Russophone Populations in Estonia and Ukraine: A Reaction to David Laitin’s Research // Europe-Asia Studies vol. 52, no. 8, December 2000, pp. 1535-1541.
  • Ponarin E., Golosov G. (1999). Regional Bases of Party Politics: A Measure and Its Implications for the Study of Party System Consolidation in New Democracies // EUI Working Paper RSC No. 99/25, Badia Fiesolana, San Domenico
  • Ponarin E., Anderson B., Silver B., Titma M. (1996). Estonian and Russian Communities: Ethnic and Language Relations // International Journal of Sociology, vol. 26, no. 2, Summer 1996, pp. 25-45.
  • Ponarin E., Anderson B., Silver B., Titma M. (1993).  Emigration Potential among Young Adults in Ukraine // PSC Research Report No. 93-281. May 1993.