Director | LCSR St.Petersburg
Expert Council Member
Address: St. Petersburg, room 316, 55-2, Sedova st.
Phone: +7 (812) 560-42-45
Eduard Ponarin is the director of the LCSR. He is also a Professor at HSE in Saint-Petersburg at the Department of Sociology. Professor Ponarin holds a PhD in Sociology from the University of Michigan, USA. The key topics of his research are nationalism, ethnicity and religiosity. He is the head of such projects as “Tolerance of post-Soviet press” which is financed by the INTAS and involves participants from Moscow, Kazan, Astana, Samarqand, and St. Petersburg and “Religious and ethnic identities in the Volga-Urals region” financed by the Open Society Institute, the Carnegie Corporation of New York and the American Council of Learned Societies and involving gathering and analysis of expert interviews and mass survey data.
Education and academic positions:
Academic interests: nationalism, religion, social psychology, statistical analysis.
Islam and Nationalism in Volga-Ural Region (completed)
The correlation between Islam and nationalism is empirically analyzed in the case of Tatarstan and Bashkortostan. The hypothesis about existence of two forms of nationalism (ethnic and political) is being tested.
Modernization and Well-Being in Russia (completed)
Subjective well-being in Russia was already low in 1982. Economic development is strongly linked with subjective well-being- the people of rich countries tend to be happier than the people of poor countries. But empirical evidence indicates that as early as 1982, the Russia people already ranked lower on happiness and life satisfaction than the people of much poorer countries such as Nigeria or India. Already in 1982, the Russian people were suffering from a malaise linked with the era of stagnation; external signs of this malaise, such as rising alcoholism and declining male life expectancy, were evident. But in subsequent years, with the collapse of the Soviet Union-- and the collapse of the communist belief system-- subjective well-being in Russia fell to levels never seen before. Thus, by 1990, Russia (with a few other countries such as Belarus, Ukraine, Bulgaria and Romania) showed the world's lowest levels of subjective well-being-- in fact, the lowest levels ever recorded. This was linked with falling birth rates and life expectancy, which continued until 1995. In recent years, the trend toward falling subjective well-being has begun to reverse itself, so that by the time of 2006 and 2011 waves of WVS, it had moved back toward the level of 1982, but still ranked low in global perspective.
This project will provide an answer as to whether this recovery has continued and to monitor related changes in the social, economic, political and religious orientations of the Russian people. The surveys taken in LCSR are carried out in connection with the 2010-2011 wave of the World Values Surveys, which has surveyed representative national samples of the publics of countries containing 90 percent of the world’s population, in successive waves of surveys conducted since 1981. This makes it possible to analyze the data collected by this project in context with comparable data from countries around the world, and to measure changes observed from 1981 to the present.